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Substance Abuse

Substance Abuse

Alcohol and Depression

http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/alcohol-and-depresssion

There’s also a strong link between serious alcohol use and depression. The question is, does regular drinking lead to depression, or are depressed people more likely to drink too much? Both are possible.

Alcoholism and Its Effect on the Family

http://allpsych.com/journal/alcoholism/#.Va1zy-9RGpo

Alcoholics can be of any age, background, income level, social, or ethnic group. Very often alcoholism affects highly educated people. Several studies even showed that people who lack motivation are less likely to become addicted to alcohol than highly motivated individuals.

Binge Drinking Increases Suicide Risk

http://alcoholrehab.com/alcoholism/binge-drinking-increases-suicide-risk/

There is a close relationship between alcohol consumption and suicide. Excessive drinking may not be the direct cause of the suicidal thoughts, but intoxication can give the individual the mindset to take their own life. It seems almost certain that in many cases the people who committed suicide would not have gone through with it if they had been sober. The pattern of alcohol consumption that is most often associated with suicide is binge drinking.

Dealing with the Elephant in the Room – Alcoholism

http://www.al-anon.org/dealing-with-the-elephant-in-the-roomalcoholism

Initially there can be a lot of denial. The more we love someone, the more we want to believe that alcoholism may not be the problem.

Though many believe there is less stigma associated with alcoholism today, this stigma still exists in many communities. Family members can find it very difficult to acknowledge that there is alcoholism in the family. They often choose not to talk about the effects of alcohol, hoping “the problem” will go away.

Drinking and Mental Health: Psychological Effects of Alcohol Abuse

https://addictionresource.com/alcohol/effects/psychological/

People affected by alcoholism undergo lasting brain changes that interfere with their emotional and psychological function. Among other things, these changes help support a continued pattern of excessive drinking. The physiological and psychological effects of alcoholism help explain the condition’s official classification as a form of mental illness. In addition, people suffering from alcoholism have increased chances of developing diagnosable symptoms of other mental illnesses. The combination of substance problems and separate mental health problems is known as a co-occurring disorder, comorbidity or dual diagnosis. The presence of a co-occurring disorder can significantly increase the mental repercussions of alcoholism.

Drinking, Depression and Their Dysfunctional Relationship

Drug Facts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction

http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction

Drug addiction is a complex illness characterized by intense and, at times, uncontrollable drug craving, along with compulsive drug seeking and use that persist even in the face of devastating consequences. While the path to drug addiction begins with the voluntary act of taking drugs, over time a person's ability to choose not to do so becomes compromised, and seeking and consuming the drug becomes compulsive. This behavior results largely from the effects of prolonged drug exposure on brain functioning. Addiction is a brain disease that affects multiple brain circuits, including those involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and inhibitory control over behavior.

Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol

http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/msbalcstragegy.pdf

The harmful use of alcohol causes an estimated 2.5 million deaths every year, of which a significant proportion occur in the young. Alcohol use is the third leading risk factor for poor health globally. A wide variety of alcohol-related problems can have devastating impacts on individuals and their families and can seriously affect community life.

Suicide: One of Addiction’s Hidden Risks

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/real-healing/201402/suicide-one-addiction-s-hidden-risks

Anyone who cares about an addict has a long list of concerns, not the least of which is that addiction may take their loved one’s life. Mostly we fear getting word of a serious accident or injury or perhaps a drug overdose. What few think about, or actively work to prevent, is suicide. And while suicide is a well-known risk for those suffering with mental health problems, it also requires attention in the assessment and treatment of addiction.

The Link Between Substance Abuse, Violence and Suicide

http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/substance-use-disorder/link-between-substance-abuse-violence-and-suicide

Mental health problems are some of the best-known and well-studied risk factors linked to suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and suicide mortality. Approximately 90% of all individuals who completed suicide met criteria for 1 or more diagnosable psychiatric conditions. Mental health conditions most strongly associated with fatal and nonfatal suicide attempts include depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, posttraumatic stress disorder, and alcohol and/or drug use disorders.

Tobacco Use and Mental Health These Days

https://vapingdaily.com/depression-and-smoking/

When a person inhales the smoke from a cigarette it hits the lungs within 10 seconds. The nicotine from the cigarette begins to cause a series of reactions. It increases the levels of chemicals called dopamine and epinephrine.

When a person inhales the smoke from a cigarette it hits the lungs within 10 seconds. The nicotine from the cigarette begins to cause a series of reactions. It increases the levels of chemicals called dopamine and epinephrine.

When the body releases epinephrine, or adrenaline, in high concentration, the blood pressure, heart, and breathing rate all increase. This makes the person feel energized and alert. This is what creates the “rush” or a nicotine buzz.

What Factors Can Help Prevent Alcohol and Other Drug Problems?

http://www.cpha.ca/en/programs/portals/substance/prevention/faq03.aspx

There is no single solution for preventing problems with alcohol and other drugs. We have learned some important lessons, however, about what factors may help prevent a person from developing an alcohol or drug problem.